Your enforcement plan will likely depend on your residents and their behaviour, the extent of second-hand smoke exposure to other residents and the sanctions that you have written into your bylaws.
If there is evidence that a violation has occurred, follow the procedures as defined in your bylaws for addressing disputes. Whether or not it is stipulated in your bylaws, you may want to engage the member in question with a warning and information letter. Be sure to document the process and get confirmation in writing that the letter was received. If an agreement is reached, it can be helpful to put it in writing for future reference. Have the resident sign a copy of the dated letter from the board or property management corporation, confirming the discussion and the resident’s agreement to abide by the smoke-free policy.
If the smoking continues, and mediation processes do not remedy the situation, the Cooperatives Act provides the option of terminating a membership. Again, the process involved in terminating a membership will differ with each cooperative. The default procedures even differ slightly between continuing-housing cooperatives and home-ownership housing cooperatives. Consult your bylaws carefully before seeking termination as a final option.
Document all violations, and, if possible, get witnesses who would be able to testify to incidents of smoking by the resident if necessary. You will need to establish to the satisfaction of the court that the defendant contravened the bylaw.
Download a sample complaint flowchart, complaint log and caution notice.